IT project management is the process of planning, organizing and assigning responsibilities for achieving a company specified information technology objectives.
Overseeing software development, hardware install, network upgrades, cloud computing, virtualization rollouts, business analytics, data management initiatives and delivering IT services are all examples of IT project management.
In addition to the typical issues that can cause a project to fail advances in technology during the projects execution infrastructure changes that impact security and data management and unknown dependent relationships among hardware, software, network infrastructure and data are all factors that can negatively impact the success of an IT project.
The first time first use penalty which represents the overall risk a company assumes when using a new technology for the first time can also derail IT projects. Because the technology has never been adopted or used in the organization before there are bound to be issues that will jeopardize the projects success.
Managing the Project
The project management life cycle is made up of five process categories that are common to all projects. The phases of a project on the other hand are unique to each one and represent the project life cycle.
Controlling and monitoring
Managing the Project Knowledge Areas
There are ten different types of project management knowledge. These ten knowledge areas group together the various tasks that the project manager must do during the project.
Project scope management
Project schedule management
Project costs management
Project management quality
Project management human resources
Project management communications
Project management risk
Project procurement management
Project stakeholder management
Project integration management
Throughout the project these ten knowledge domains will be controlled iteratively. A project manager will generally face all ten of these knowledge areas in every project with the exception of procurement. The areas should not be controlled in any particular order rather the project manager switches to the appropriate knowledge and processes dependent on the situation.
IT Project Life Cycle
The project life cycle is affected by various distinct ways to manage an IT project. Organizations can choose from one of these popular ways to assist limit the danger of costly rework hazards from rapidly changing technology or extensive planning at the projects start. A typical IT projects life cycle proceeds through iterations of planning, executing and controlling until the project is closed and moved into operations. However, there are three unique life cycles for IT project management
Predictive life cycle
Iterative life cycle
Adaptive life cycle
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